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EARLY EVOLUTIONARY THOUGHT At the most basic level, “evolution” simply means a pattern of change over time. fte concept of biological evolution is forever linked to Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace, but the idea that populations and species change over time actually predates these two biologists. Pre-Socratic philosophers such as Anaximander (610–546 BC) and Empedocles (490–430 BC) viewed animals and plants as products of change or recombination over time. Empedocles specifically introduced the idea of chance into the equation. ftese views contrasted to those of later philosophers such as Plato (ca. 428–348 BC), Aristotle (384–322 BC) and Zeno (334–262 BC), who proposed that species did not change because they were perfectly designed. ftese teleological explanations of design with purpose would become influential in Christian philosophy over a century later. In contrast to Christianity, adherents of eastern philos ... Czytaj więcej »

Wyświetleń: 148 | Dodał: kolo | Data: 2019-03-11 | Komentarze (0)

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